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Socioeconomic conditions versus property crime

Data from the Growing Up in Scotland Survey (GUS), a national longitudinal survey, was used for this study. To ensure a nationally representative sample, a multi-stage stratified random sampling technique of all eligible children within a cohort year was employed. Data were obtained annually through face-to-face interviews with the child’s main caregiver (mostly the child’s mother, 95.5% of respondents). A detailed description of the sampling procedure and method of data collection is available on the GUS webpage and in the official user guide

For the current study, data from wave of the first Birth Cohort survey were used. Wave 1 data was collected when the children were 10.5 months old. Subsequent waves were obtained at 22, 34.5, 46, 58, and 70 months, respectively. A total of 5,217 children born between June 2004 and May 2005 were recruited for the initial survey in wave 1. Of these, 3,375 participants who responded to all six waves of data collection were retained for analysis. This represents 94.2% of all eligible respondents (those who completed all previous 5 waves) and 64.7% of all Wave 1 cases. To overcome limitations of sample attrition, birth cohort longitudinal weights were used in the analyses to help attenuate biases associated with non-random attrition The sample children consisted of 51.3% male and 48.7% female. Ethnicity of the cohort children as designated in the GUS dataset was 96.5% “White” and 3.5% “Other ethnic background.”