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The Anthropology of Music.

Some of the earliest adaptationist writings on religion were offered by anthropologistswho employed signaling models derived from behavioral ecology. Yet, the extensions of these models by subsequent theorists, notably two RBB coeditors (Bulbulia and Sosis), struggled to apply classical signaling models to religious signalingindependently incorporated supernatural beliefs into their models in order to account for the perceived and experienced costs of religious behaviors. In doing so, their models focused on the adaptive nature of religious cognition or offered proximate psychological explanations for why individuals would engage in costly religious rituals, taboos, and obligations. While these models have advanced our understanding of religious commitments, they did not capture the ultimate-level selection pressures on religious behaviors of primary interest to behavioral ecologists. Indeed, with the exception of Eleanor Power’s recent ethnographic work in South Indiasignaling theory has been employed to test psychological hypotheses, with the behavioral ecological origins of signaling models seemingly lost in the process. Similarly, the behavioral ecological origins of