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Mutual relations between organizational culture and structure

If organizational culture and structure are not in accord, there will be serious tensions and problems which will affect the organization’s functioning and its results. It is therefore important to know how organizational culture and structure impact on each other. Organizational culture affects the design and implementation of organizational structure. With its assumptions, values, norms, and attitudes, the culture creates the context and the frame of reference used by those who design the organizational structure. Also, the cultural context can significantly facilitate or protract the implementation of the selected structure in its implementation phase. Organizational culture legitimizes the behaviour and decisions imposed on employees and management by the organizational structure within the context of valid values and norms of behaviour. On the other hand, organizational structure institutionalizes the culture, i.e., reflects its values, norms, and attitudes.