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Expanding the cognitive perspective on negotiation. I

Mapping stakeholders and actors Creating a visual map can be a useful tool to identify and understand the complex relations between stakeholders and actors, and their respective interests and roles in cultural heritage first aid. How? Consider the example on the following page, which identifies stakeholders and actors in the aftermath of a bomb explosion at a religious heritage site in Country A. The backdrop of the incident is an ongoing conflict. The military of Country A is in charge of peacekeeping and counter-terrorism operations in the affected area. Currently, the military controls access to the site. The local community members living in the vicinity of the site do not fully trust the military. They are strongly connected to the religious site and want to save it. Additional key stakeholders and actors include: • The State Board of Antiquities, which has the expertise to provide first aid for the damaged buildings and objects at the religious site. • The Religious Board of the damaged shrine, which has a weak relationship with the State Board of Antiquities, but which must be consulted before the State Board is allowed to undertake first aid measures. • Foreign cultural heritage organizations, approached by the State Board of Antiquities for funding and technical assistance. • Local cultural heritage professionals who know the history of the site, and have expertise in assessing damage, and in stabilising and securing damaged heritage.