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World Religions and Social Evolution

African traditional religion encompasses the traditional religious beliefs of people in Africa. In West Africa, these religions include the Akan religionDahomey (Fon) mythologyEfik mythologyOdinaniSerer religion (A ƭat Roog), and Yoruba religion, while Bushongo mythologyMbuti (Pygmy) mythologyLugbara mythologyDinka religion, and Lotuko mythology come from central Africa. Southern African traditions include Akamba mythologyMasai mythologyMalagasy mythologySan religionLozi mythologyTumbuka mythology, and Zulu mythologyBantu mythology is found throughout central, southeast, and southern Africa. In north Africa, these traditions include Berber and ancient Egyptian.

There are also notable African diasporic religions practiced in the Americas, such as SanteriaCandombleVodunLucumiUmbanda, and Macumba.


ZoroastrianFire Temple in Mumbai, India

Iranian religions are ancient religions whose roots predate the Islamization of Greater Iran. Nowadays these religions are practiced only by minorities.

Zoroastrianism is based on the teachings of prophet Zoroaster in the 6th century BCE. Zoroastrians worship the creator Ahura Mazda. In Zoroastrianism good and evil have distinct sources, with evil trying to destroy the creation of Mazda, and good trying to sustain it.

Mandaeism is a monotheistic religion with a strongly dualistic worldview. Mandaeans are sometime labeled as the Last Gnostics.

Kurdish religions include the traditional beliefs of the YazidiAlevi, and Ahl-e Haqq. Sometimes these are labeled Yazdânism.