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‘‘War and Local Collective Action in Sierra Leone.’

We show that our main result is robust to alternative measures of violence exposure, confining the data to various relevant subsamples and a variety of potential confounding factors. We also address the concern that residential patterns may confound the relationship between riot exposure and political opinions, in the sense that those close to Southerners could be more likely to support separation but also more likely to have been affected by the riot. We establish that our core finding is not due to variation in Northern-Southern colocation. We also show that riot exposure is reported in geographic clusters, consistent with indiscriminate collective violence as opposed to selective attacks against Northerners with certain political views