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‘‘Violent Conflict and Behavior: A Field Experiment in Burundi.’’ American Economic

We suggested that the unplanned riot that shook Khartoum in 2005 exposed Northerners to violence in a way that allows us to make inferences about its effects. The article then introduced an original survey dataset collected by the authors with a team of research assistants in Khartoum around the time when voters cast their ballots in favor of an independent South Sudan. This survey provides, to our knowledge, the only independently collected public political opinion data for greater Khartoum at this critical moment in Sudanese history. Finally, we presented the empirical argument that riot exposure correlates with heightened support for partition. We also presented evidence to suggest that riot-affected Northerners who support Southern independence do so not out of an improved appreciation of Southern goals or a belief that partition will bring peace to Sudan, but because they hope to displace potentially threatening Southerners that remain in Khartoum