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traumatic experiences

Freud’s ideas about dreams were game-changing. Before Freud, dreams were considered insignificant and insensible ramblings of the mind at rest. His book provoked a new level of interest in dreams, an interest that continues to this day.

Jungian Psychology: Carl Jung

Jungian Psychology: Carl Jung

Freud’s work was continued, although in altered form, by his student Carl Jung, whose particular brand of psychology is known as analytical psychology. Jung’s work formed the basis for most modern psychological theories and concepts.

Jung and Freud shared an interest in the unconscious and worked together in their early days, but a few key disagreements ended their partnership and allowed Jung to fully devote his attention to his new psychoanalytic theory.

The three main differences between Freudian psychology and Jungian (or analytical) psychology are related to:

  1. Nature and Purpose of the Libido: Jung saw libido as a general source of psychic energy that motivated a wide range of human behaviors—from sex to spirituality to creativity—while Freud saw it as psychic energy that drives only sexual gratification;
  2. Nature of the Unconscious: While Freud viewed the unconscious as a storehouse for an individual’s socially unacceptable repressed desires, Jung believed it was more of a storehouse for the individual’s repressed memories and what he called the collective or transpersonal unconscious (a level of unconscious shared with other humans that is made up of latent memories from our ancestors);
  3. Causes of Behavior: Freud saw our behavior as being caused solely by past experiences, most notably those from childhood, while Jung believed our future aspirations have a significant impact on our behavior as well