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transformation of property from public to private ownership

As a conclusion, publication in the Offi cial Journal of normative acts of the Council of Ministers, ministers and other institutions is a constitutional obligation and a juridical condition for these acts to enter into force. Failure to publish them in the Offi cial Journal leads a-priori to failure of producing the norm’s intended eff ects. Non-publication of normative acts in the Offi cial Journal in strict juridical terms means that they do not exist. As long as they are non-existent, they yield no obligation to be implemented or followed by the subjects. The principle according to which “ignorantia juris non excusat (from Latin: lack of knowledge of law is no excuse) loses its meaning in this case, due to non-completion of a preceding principle, according to which “one could never benefi t or be harmed by a prohibition or permission of a law if he/ she is given neither de facto nor formal opportunity to get to know the law”. Publication of the laws and other offi cial acts in the Offi cial Journal presumes the fact that such acts have been made known to everyone. The state accomplishes its constitutional and legal obligation by publishing its own offi cial acts if expects from its citizens and its component institutions to respect and comply with these issued acts. For this reason, publication of judicial and administrative norms is a public service the state must and shall deliver at on cost of expenses. This is basically a public service, where the state itself is the most interested actor to have such service delivered accordingly. Institutionalizing and modernizing state publications in Albania