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The reliability and Stability of individual differences

The debriefing phases in V07 and V14 are critical to the whole design process because this is where the designers empathize with the actual Chinese user. Based on the insights generated in the collaboration with the users, the designer defines the problem statement, and a guiding statement that focuses on insights and needs of a particular user, or composite character developed in interaction with the user. In this phase all the varied findings about individual users are put together and evaluated in light of the design themes (i.e., health, environment, self-reliance etc.) defined in Phase one of the design process. Figure 1 demonstrates the interaction among the three main groups that participated in the cocreation workshops, Scandinavian designers, Asian consultants and the Chinese users. The overlapping areas in the Venn diagram Figure 1 depict the cross-cultural interactions between the designers and the consultants, and the Chinese users and the consultants. When the Asian consultants were moderating the co-creation workshops and actively interacting with the Chinese users, the Scandinavian designers were only making observations and had no active interaction with the users due to lack of understanding of the Chinese language. After each workshop there was a debriefing session where the Asian consultants debriefed the Scandinavian designers about the workshops in English. Figure 1: Shared cultural knowledge in the co-creation and debriefing workshops. 3.1 Participants Two cultural groups were present in the videos we analyzed: Asian consultants and Scandinavian design team members. Out of the five Scandinavian design team members, two were external stakeholders who were not as actively involved in the above videos as the three core designers. These stakeholders participated in one of the co-creation workshops. The core design team consisting of three designers had been working in the same department the last four years. The three normally worked together on different design projects and knew each other well. The three Asian consultants had expertise in Chinese markets. They were not part of the whole design process, but became part of the project during the field trip to China. They participated in the meetings on equal terms as the design team members. They were familiar with design thinking approaches and they aided in the translation of Chinese to English, as well the translation of cultural diversities and traditions. Two of the consultants were also moderators for the two cocreation workshop