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The modern society

Areas of Social Justice Research

Social justice research expanded into many different areas of social life: work organizations, legal institutions, educational settings, civil institutions, social policy and economics, gender issues, environmental issues, international conflicts, family issues, close personal relationships, and coping with life crisis and victimization. People’s perceptions of justice and their reactions to injustice in work organizations have been one of the main areas of social justiceresearch from the very beginnings of equity theory. The rapid growth of this line of research has led some authors to use the generic term ‘organizational justice’ (see Cropanzano and Greenberg 1997). Empirical evidence shows that the perception of distributive justiceshapes people’s satisfaction with the outcomes they receive, work performance, absenteeism, and turnover. The perception of procedural justice influences workers’ organizational citizenship behaviors and reactions to a variety of organizational measures such as personnel selection procedures, performance evaluations, layoffdecisions, strategic organizational planning and change, and workplace drug screening.