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The Mexican American Experience

For those who enter the US illegally across the Mexico–United States border and elsewhere, migration is difficult, expensive and dangerous.[51] Virtually all undocumented immigrants have no avenues for legal entry to the United States due to the restrictive legal limits on green cards, and lack of immigrant visas for low-skilled workers.[52] Participants in debates on immigration in the early twenty-first century called for increasing enforcement of existing laws governing illegal immigration to the United States, building a barrier along some or all of the 2,000-mile (3,200 km) Mexico-U.S. border, or creating a new guest worker program. Through much of 2006 the country and Congress was immersed in a debate about these proposals. As of April 2010 few of these proposals had become law, though a partial border fence had been approved and subsequently canceled.[53]

Trump policies

In January 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump signed an executive order temporarily suspending entry to the United States by nationals of certain Muslim-majority countries. It was replaced by another executive order in March 2017 and by a presidential proclamation in September 2017, with various changes to the list of countries and exemptions.[54] The orders were temporarily suspended by federal courts but later allowed to proceed by the Supreme Court, pending a definite ruling on their legality.[55] Another executive order called for the immediate construction of a wall across the U.S.–Mexico border, the hiring of 5,000 new border patrol agents and 10,000 new immigration officers, and federal funding penalties for sanctuary cities.[56]Persons obtaining legal permanent resident status by fiscal year[57]

YearYearYearYearYearYearYear
1890455,30219101,041,5701930241,7001950249,1871970373,32619901,535,87220101,042,625
1895258,5361915326,700193534,9561955237,7901975385,3781995720,17720151,051,031
1900448,5721920430,001194070,7561960265,3981980524,2952000841,00220161,183,505
19051,026,4991925294,314194538,1191965296,6971985568,14920051,122,25720171,127,167
DecadeAverage per year
1890-99369,100
1900-09745,100
1910-19634,400
1920-29429,600
1930–3969,900
1940–4985,700
1950–59249,900
1960–69321,400
1970–79424,800
1980–89624,400
1990–99977,500
2000–091,029,900
2010–171,063,134