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The International Labor Organization

Slavery is now prohibited around the world, except in Mali. Nonetheless, the practice – though illegal – of slavery continues to exist in several countries where governments choose to ignore its presence. For example, although Sudan outlawed slavery, it persists (Human Rights Watch 2002). It persists also in Niger, which abolished slavery in 1960 and made it a crime until 2003; AntiSlavery International estimates that at least 43,000 people remain enslaved (The Guardian 2008). Hadijatou Mani Koraou was born into an established slave class and was inherited, sold, made to work without pay and was sexually abused. This lasted for nine years. The 24-yearold former slave sued the government and won. In 2008, the Community Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West Africa (Community Court) found Niger in breach of its own laws and international obligations to protect citizens from slavery and awarded damages to Koraou (Hadijatou Mani Koraou 2008). Whether this decision leads to true freedom for Niger’s slaves is yet unclear. Mauritania criminalized slavery in 2007