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the fundamental ideas be- hind the theory

 Potato core measurements

0% saltsolution 1.75% salt solution

3.5% salt solution

7% salt solution

Beginning average volume (cu mm)

Ending average volume (cu mm)

Percent difference

12. Place two measured cores into each solution overnight, or for at least 8 hours. That time period is not critical to the results; it can be longer.

13. Remove the cores from one of the cups and pat them dry with a paper towel. The solution may now be discarded down the drain of a sink.

14. Using the caliper, measure the height, width, and length of the cores, and then determine the volume of each core. Average the measure- ments for the two cores and record in the data table above. The cores can now be discarded.

15. Repeat Steps 11 – 14 three more times: one time for each cup. 3. Illustration of the Importance of Surface-to-Volume Ratios

a. Calculate the surface-to-volume ratio of the following potato cubes: 1. CUBE 1: Length, width, and height are all 5 mm 2. CUBE 2: Length, width, and height are all 3 mm

b. Effect of cell size on diffusion rate 1. With clean hands, cutting board, and knife, cut the skin off of the pota-

to. 2. Using the knife, cut two cubes of potato with dimensions of 1 cm x 1

cm x 1 cm. 3. Using the knife, cut two cubes of potato with dimensions 1.5 cm x 1.5

cm x 1.5 cm. 4. Using the knife, cut two cubes of potato with dimension of 2 cm x 2

cm x 2 cm. 5. Place distilled water into a cup or glass. Add the vial of food coloring

to the water until a dark color is achieved.

10/1/13 10:29 AMBIO156 – Lab 4