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The Dynamic of Secession. New York:

How do experiences of intergroup violence shape opinions on policies that affect outgroup members?1 Politically motivated, episodic violence (including riots, violent protests, and terrorist attacks) is common in developing countries, but its effects on public opinion are understudied. The existing literature suggests two divergent effects that such violent events can have. On the one hand, intergroup violence may deepen existing divisions and harden individuals’ resolve to retaliate and reject outgroup demands (Canetti-Nisim et al. 2009; de Waal 2005; Hayes and McAllister 2001). On the other hand, exposure to violence may make individuals more willing to support concessions to the outgroup in order to forestall future violent events