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the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of sundan

whether their region should remain part of a unified Sudan or become an independent state. The referendum formed a core part of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) in 2005 to end more than two decades of brutal civil war. As polls predicted, Southerners voted overwhelmingly in favor of secession, and South Sudan gained independence in July 2011. Northern attitudes toward partition and the status of Southerners have been far more divided. This article explores this variation in attitudes about the future of Africa’s largest country using a survey of 1,380 randomly sampled residents of greater Khartoum, the sprawling city of eight million that is home to the vast majority of Southerners living in the North. This unique survey was implemented by the authors in 2010, with a follow-up in 2011.