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techniques to evaluate capacity building activities

A basic logic model (Figure 1) typically has two “sides”—process and outcome. The process section describes the program’s inputs (resources), activities, and outputs (direct products). The outcome section describes the intended effects of the program, which can be short term, intermediate, and/or long term. Assumptions under which the program or intervention operates, and the contextual factors can also be included in a logic model. They are often noted in a box below or on the left side of the logic model diagram. Figure 1, below, illustrates the components of a logic model. Figure 1. Layout of a General Logic Model PROCESS OUTCOMES inputs activities outputs short intermediate long Assumptions/Contextual Factors Component Definitions Inputs are the resources that go into a program or intervention—what we invest. They include financial, personnel, and in-kind resources from any source. For example, inputs could include: Various funding sources for your program. Your partners. Staff time and technical assistance. Activities are events undertaken by the program or partners to produce desired outcomes—what we do. You could include a clear identification of “early” activities and “later” activities. Examples of activities include: Create a state-level partnership. Train health care partners and staff in clinical guidelines. Develop a community health communication campaign on signs and symptoms of stroke, and to call 9-1-1. Outputs are the direct, tangible results of activities—what we get. These early work products often serve as documentation of progress. Examples include: State-level partnerships created. Health care professionals trained in clinical guidelines. Community health communication campaigns developed. Outcomes are the desired results of the program—what we achieve. Describing outcomes as short, intermediate, or long term depends on the objective, the length of the program, and expectations of the program or intervention. What is identified as a long-term outcome for one program could be an intermediate outcome for another.