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Purposeful and Non-Purposeful Behavior.

Humanism refers to a form of contemporary psychologogy that emphasizes on the study of psychology in addition to individuality(O’hara,1992,p.440).Humanism is furthermore,a form of psychology centred around the study of a whole person, this form of study is however known as “Holism”(Mclead,2007,p.8).Psychologists who practice humanism do however look at individual behaviour not only through the eyes of an observer but attempt to analyse behaviour through the eyes of the individual being observed.(O’hara,1992,p.441).The humanistic perspective does however rotate around the fact each person is responsible for their own happiness and well being as a human being(Mclead,2007,p.8).The concept of humanism was however developed by the theorist known as Carl Rodgers who’s theory was strongly influenced by the work of academic Otto Rank(O’hara,1992,p.443).Humanism was developed as a result of the fact that some psychologists did not agree with the theories of psychodynamic and behaviourist psychology, it is as a result of this fact that humanism has been referred to as the “third force” of contemporary psychology. Humanism rejects the theories of both the behaviourist and psychodynamic perspectives as both these as both these theories are dependent on animals for research in addition to the fact that behaviourism relies on stimulus response in order understand and explain thought as well as behaviour (Mclead, 2007, p.9).Both the behaviourist and physcodynamic perspectives are however seen as dehumanizing by humanist psychologists.