Call Us: US - +1 845 478 5244 | UK - +44 20 7193 7850 | AUS - +61 2 8005 4826

Political Science and International Relations: Theories in Action

The Agrarians advocated a peasant utopian communalism and egalitarianism.[8] Taoism advocated a proto-anarchism. Legalism was the dominant political philosophy of the Qin Dynasty, but was replaced by State Confucianism in the Han Dynasty. Prior to China’s adoption of communism, State Confucianism remained the dominant political philosophy of China up to the 20th century.[9]

Ancient Greece[edit]

Western political philosophy originates in the philosophy of ancient Greece, where political philosophy dates back to at least Plato.[10]Ancient Greece was dominated by city-states, which experimented with various forms of political organization, grouped by Plato into five categories of descending stability and morality: monarchytimocracyoligarchydemocracy and tyranny. One of the first, extremely important classical works of political philosophy is Plato’s Republic,[10] which was followed by Aristotle‘s Nicomachean Ethics and Politics.[11] Roman political philosophy was influenced by the Stoics and the Roman statesman Cicero.[12