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Plantae and Animalia organisms with eukaryotic cell.

Animal Cell Structure

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Animal cells are eukaryotic cells, with the presence of true nucleus; multicellular large and advanced membrane bound organelles. Like plant cells, animal cells have same organelles except the cell wall, chloroplasts, number of vacuoles and many more. Due to the absence of cell wall the shape of an animal cell is irregular. Based on structure and functions, animal cells comprise of:

Animal Cell Structure

Cell membrane: They are semi-permeable membrane surrounding the cell. It helps in holding the cell together and allows entry and exits of nutrients into the cell.

Nucleus: The largest organelle in the cell, which contains DNA and other cell’s hereditary information. The main role of nucleus in animal cell is it controls all cellular activities.

Vacuole: They are the fluid sacs, which are present in less numbers in animal cells compared to plant cells. The main function is this membrane is to store food and other waste materials.

Golgi Bodies (or) Gogi complex: The sac like structures, which are present in a cell to manufacture, store, packing and shipping the selected particles throughout the cell.
Ribosome: It is present in the cytoplasm. They are the site of protein synthesis, which are composed of ribosomal RNA and proteins.
Endoplasmic reticulum: The network of membrane, which helps in transporting materials around the cell and also helps in the synthesis of lipids and proteins. It forms a connection between nuclear envelope and the cell membrane of a cell.Mitochondria: They are rod shaped organelles, plays an important role in releasing energy and they are the powerhouse of a cell.
Cytoplasm: A jelly types double membrane organelles, which are present in the inner region of a cell. It helps by keeping a cell in stable and protects the cell organelles by separating them from each other.
Lysosomes: They are round single membrane round organelles, which helps in recycling of cell organelles. Lysosome of an animal cell contains some digestive enzymes that help in the digesting out the cell debris.
All types of cells – eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell, animal and plant cells have many similarities and also differences in them, which all depends on its structure and functions of each cell organelles.