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Peter I of Portugal (Pedro I de Bourgogne, Rei de Portugal), King of Portugal (1320 – 1367)

Peter I of Portugal (Pedro I de Bourgogne, Rei de Portugal), King of Portugal (1320 – 1367)
Despite his gruesome legacy, Peter I of Portugal did have a peaceful reign and managed to install a system of justice which was relatively fair for the times. 

Ancestry of Katherine of Aragon - Ines de Castro

He attempted this with his Beneplácito Régio in 1361, which forbade any Papal Bulls to be published without his prior consent. This was a result of the number of fake papal documents that had been entering the country. He also began the “nationalization” of the military orders by placing his youngest son João (an illegitimate child) as the Master of the Order of Avis. Perhaps Peter is better known for his controversy with a mistress, Inés de Castro. She is best known as lover and posthumously exhumed and declared lawful wife of King Pedro I of Portugal, and therefore Queen of Portugal by order of Pedro himself. When Peter’s wife, Constance of Castile, died in 1345 Afonso IV, Peter’s father, tried several times to arrange for his son to be remarried, but Peter refused to take a wife other than Inês, who was not deemed eligible to be queen even though she was an illegitimate great-granddaughter or Sancho IV of Castile and 3x great-granddaughter of Alfonso IX of Leon. She was also legitimately descended from Infanta Sancha Henriques of Portugal, the$daughter of Henry, Count of Portugal. Peters’s legitimate son, future king Ferdinand I of Portugal, was a frail child, whereas Peter and Inês’s illegitimate children were thriving; this created even more discomfort among the Portuguese nobles, who feared the increasing Castilian influence over Peter. Afonso IV banished Inês from the court after Constance’s death, but Peter remained with her declaring her as his true love. After several attempts to keep the lovers apart, Afonso IV ordered Inês’s death. Pêro Coelho, Álvaro Gonçalves, and Diogo Lopes Pacheco went to the Monastery of Santa Clara in Coimbra, where Inês was detained, and killed her, decapitating her in front of her small child. Legend holds that Peter later had Inês’ body exhumed and placed upon a throne, dressed in rich robes and jewels, requiring all of his vassals to kiss the hand of the deceased “queen”. This has never been proven, but what is known is that Peter did have Inês’ body removed from her resting place in Coimbra and taken to Alcobaça where her body was laid to rest in the monastery. Peter had two tombs constructed in the monastery, one for each of them. These still exist today; they contain images of Peter and Inês facing each other, with the words “Até o fim do mundo…” or “Until the end of the world…” inscribed on the marble.