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“perfect identity,”

1.  

Which of the following statements helps explain why Jack Katz thought his book, Seductions of Crime, explained deviance in a new way?

Answer

Conflict theorists have frequently argued that differences in economic resources give elites the ability to control the coercive apparatus of the state. Pronounced economic differences also provide elites with a need to maintain order.
Three decades ago, criminologists widely decried the failure of rehabilitative efforts to reduce recidivism. This “nothing works” attitude permeated the field of criminal justice, and a period of punitive justice was ushered in.
The social science literature contains only scattered evidence of what it means, feels, sounds, tastes, or looks like to commit a particular crime.
Society should be considered as a cross between the cultural “goals” that it believes its members should strive for, and the “means” that are believed, legally or morally, to be legitimate ways that individuals should attain these goals.
The discussion of positivist theories centering on peculiarities or abnormalities of the individual considers theories related to physical appearance, mental deficiency and feeblemindedness, hereditary and biological defectiveness, and psychiatry.

Question 19

1.  

Kate Bornstein argues that civil-rights legislation designed to protect people with alternative sexualities mostly helps straight-acting, straight-appearing people because:

Answer

straight-acting, straight-appearing people have never been labeled deviant
in order to generate social cohesion, we have to find someone to discriminate against
the more someone deviates from the “perfect identity,” the less power they have
such legislation is designed to help punish those who are extremely different from the mainstream
those who can’t “pass” as straight in public are rebelsQuestion 221.  Instead of solely examining background factors, what does the sociologist Jack Katz think that sociologists should study when trying to understand deviance?Answerthe deviant’s own experience of committing a deviant actthe correlation between deviance and povertythe way that deviance tends to be handed down through generationsthe role that poverty plays in encouraging deviancethe hidden correlation between crime and marital status