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patterns of coordination.

Fundamental requirements of __________ are division of labour into distinct tasks and coordination of that labour.
 A) span of control
 B) centralization
 C) organizational structure
 D) job specialization
 E) concurrent engineering

Coordination through formal hierarchy is a(n) __________ coordinating mechanism.
 A) flexible
 B) inefficient
 C) efficient
 D) effortless
 E) a contemporary and optimal

Each of these are basic elements of organizational structure, EXCEPT:
 A) formalization.
 B) departmentalization.
 C) standardization.
 D) centralization.
 E) span of control.

As organizations grow, they tend to _________ decision making authority.
 A) centralize
 B) decentralize
 C) maintain
 D) control
 E) standardize

A flat organizational structure creates a(n) __________ span of control.
 A) tall
 B) narrow
 C) wide
 D) centralized
 E) informal