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organizational leadership and ethics.

Organizational Innovation The field of innovation is very broad. Authors have made distinctions between studies of the “diffusion” and “adoption” of innovations. as well as between studies of “innovating” and “innovativeness”.Although a certain degree of overlap between those concepts may exist, this study focused on the adoption of innovations in organizations and examined organizational properties that enhance or hinder organizational innovativeness. The adoption of innovations is conceived to encompass the generation, development, and implementation of new ideas or behaviors. An innovation can be a new product or service, a new production process technology, a new structure or administrative system, or a new plan or program pertaining to organizational members. Thus, innovation is defined as adoption of an in- ternally generated or purchased device, system, policy, program, process, product, or service that is new to the adopting organization . This defini- tion is sufficiently broad to include different types of innovations pertaining to all parts of organizations and all aspects of their operation. The adoption of innovation is generally intended to contribute to the performance or effectiveness of the adopting organization. Innovation is a means of changing an organization, whether as a response to changes in its internal or external environment or as a preemptive action taken to influence an environment. As even the most stable environments change organizations adopt innovations continually over time.