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organizational activities.

Types of Organizational Structures


If you’ve had a job, you likely worked in a functional organizational structure.

The functional structure is based on an organization being divided up into smaller groups with specific tasks or roles. For example, a company could have a group working in information technology, another in marketing and another in finance.

Each department has a manager or director who answers to an executive a level up in the hierarchy who may oversee multiple departments. One such example is a director of marketing who supervises the marketing department and answers to a vice president who is in charge of the marketing, finance and IT divisions.

An advantage of this structure is employees are grouped by skill set and function, allowing them to focus their collective energies on executing their roles as a department.

One of the challenges this structure presents is a lack of inter-departmental communication, with most issues and discussions taking place at the managerial level among individual departments. For example, one department working with another on a project may have different expectations or details for its specific job, which could lead to issues down the road.