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Operating systems or system control programs

The operating system (prominent examples being Microsoft WindowsmacOSLinux, and z/OS), allows the parts of a computer to work together by performing tasks like transferring data between memory and disks or rendering output onto a display device. It provides a platform (hardware abstraction layer) to run high-level system software and application software.

kernel is the core part of the operating system that defines an API for applications programs (including some system software) and an interface to device drivers.

Device drivers, including also computer BIOS and device firmware, provide basic functionality to operate and control the hardware connected to or built into the computer.

user interface “allows users to interact with a computer.”[4] Either a command-line interface (CLI) or, since the 1980s a graphical user interface (GUI). Since this is the part of the operating system the user directly interacts with, it may be considered an application and therefore not system software.