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On-Going and Planned Initiatives by GRZ and Development Partners

It is important to note that the capacity of forests to supply ecosystem services is likely to vary spatially based on variations in topography, rainfall, etc. Similarly, the demand for these services will also vary spatially, based on human population density and other factors. Therefore, the value of services, and hence the trade-offs involved in forest conservation, are also likely to vary spatially, which affects decisions about where to locate forest conservation programmes. Thus, our study has attempted to consider spatial factors in the assessment of forest ecosystem services as far as possible under the existing data constraints. Nevertheless, because of the limitations of available data, this study hopefully forms the precursor to a much more detailed and regular effort to account for the stocks and flows of forest ecosystems in both physical and monetary terms. The capacity of forests to sequester and store carbon is of particular relevance to the global community in terms of mitigating the potential impacts of climate change. There is considerable potential to achieve this goal through reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). In 2010 the initiative was expanded to include the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks. This expanded approach is known as REDD+. REDD+ activities were formally adopted as a means of reducing emissions at the 16th meeting of the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Since then, the UN-REDD Programme, which is an inter-agency collaboration between UNDP, FAO and UNEP, is supporting REDD+ in many developing countries. As of February 2015, the UN-REDD programme supports 58 partner countries across Africa, Asia-Pacific and Latin America, including national programmes in 21 partner countries. Zambia is one of the UN-REDD partner countries with a national programme