Call Us: US - +1 845 478 5244 | UK - +44 20 7193 7850 | AUS - +61 2 8005 4826

New Challenges for Divided Societies.

On 25 January 1991, announced exit from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, by issuing the Declaration on the Sovereignty of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia. Macedonia faced turbulent debates on ethnic identity on that day. In March 1991 a new non-partisan Government of Macedonia was elected. Newly elected Macedonian President Kiro Gligorov proposed that a new constitution should be adopted. The constitutional committ ee of Macedonian parliament prepared a draft constitution over a period of four months. Parliamentary debate arose on the draft ’s failure to give the ethnic Albanians the status of a people.12 On 31 March 1991, a nation-wide census was conducted. Due to the injustices of the Albanian community related to their political status, and diff erences between the non-Macedonian community and the Macedonian majority about the nature of the state, Albanian MPs have boycott ed constitution voting in November 1991 and Albanian community boycott ed Census in the same year. Until the constitutional changes of 2001, the fi rst Constitution of the Republic Macedonia declared “Macedonian” as superordinate identity and Albanians as ethnic minority by saying that “Macedonia is established as a national state of the Macedonian people, in which full equality as citizens and permanent coexistence with the Macedonian people is provided for Albanians, Turks, Vlachs, Roma and other nationalities living in the Republic of Macedonia…”13 SSO used population projections in the boycott ing areas such as Gostivar, Kumanovo, Ohrid, Struga, Tetovo, based on the latest census data (1981 census).14 But the census was not recognized by Albanians and some international NGOs. According to the census results of 1991, Macedonia had a population of 2,033,964. Macedonians comprised 65.3%, Albanians 21.7%, Turks 3.8%, Roma 2.6%, Serbs 2.1%, and Others 4.6%.15