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Neuroscience and Biobehavioral acts

Deception In this work we will assume that the definition of deception is a false communication that tends to benefit the communicator [1]. The product of a deception in a more general term is a lie, though entities who utter lies which they believe to be truths due to a mistake or having been lied to about that subject before are not considered lies. The animal kingdom is filled with all kinds of deception, ranging from mimicry and camouflage, most of these mechanisms are used for self-preservation by avoiding predators or making them believe the deceiver is another entity and drive them away[6]. Some researchers over the last few years pointed out that deception is a strong potential indicator of theory of mind and as likely of social intelligence[2] [8]. Deception is prone to many flaws, most of those flaws can be perceived by others through certain facial expressions that the deceiver cannot fully control[5]. These facial expressions often reveal the true emotions of the deceiver, thus the better a deceiver can manage its own emotions, the more successful it is at deceiving others.