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mechanisms of defense and personality psychopathology

In attempting to develop a general model that would explain victim behaviour, the first author began to apply the behaviourmotivation typology (see Petherick and Turvey, 2008) to casework with good anecdotal support. While further research activity is being undertaken on specific applications, the following research support provides some indirect support for the victim-motivational typology. In 2005, McCabe and Wauchope studied the Behavioural Characteristics of Men Accused of Rape. The study was designed to “determine whether the behavioural characteristics demonstrated by rapists clustered together into groups that were similar to the common rapist described in the literature: anger, power exploitative, power reassurance, and sadistic” (2005, p. 241). As a result, this could be seen as a proxy validation study for the typology. This first study found some validity to the characteristics usually associated with with each of the four types, especially reassurance oriented and sadistic. The results of study 2 closely replicated the results of study 1. A study conducted in Jordan by Gharaibeh and Oweis (2009) regarding the reasons that Jordanian women stay in abusive relationships provides some further implicit support. Gharaibeh and Oweis used a qualitative approach in developing five main reasons why women stay in abusive relationships. These are Inherited Social Background, Financial Dependency, Lack of Family Support, Sacrificing Self for the Sake of Children, and Social Consequences of Divorce. While some of these juxtapose neatly onto the victim-motivational typology, others require some level of interpretation on which to make a judgement. As they used self report in their research, more rationalisation than motive is explored, suggesting further work is necessary in understanding the base behaviours before attribution can be undertaken.