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maintenance of safe plant and structures;

One of the main tasks of your job is to complete your work efficiently, yet at a speed that guarantees safety at all times. You need to be fully aware of all the possible dangers in your workplace and where the risk of accidents is higher than other areas. Think about your safety and the safety of your workmates at all times and never ‘cut corners’. Safety in the workplace is usually called Workplace Health and Safety (WHS) or Occupational Health and Safety, (OHS). There are laws to protect all workers. Your workplace will often be checked to make sure that all safety matters are in order, and all safety equipment is working correctly. The correct number of equipment items must also be available. Employers must make sure that each workplace is safe, as described in the laws of WHS/OHS. Employees must make sure that they follow WHS/OHS methods, and report any problems or danger areas to supervisors. WHS/OHS methods are also described in other learning guides, where job tasks must be done in certain ways, for example, lifting stock items or driving forklift trucks. You will need to fully understand how to get out of your workplace in an emergency situation. Your company may have regular practices at leaving the workplace, so that all staff know what they must do in emergencies. This will include:  Securing equipment before leaving;  Defining areas where employees must gather; and  Deciding when it is safe to re-enter the workplace. You may also be personally responsible for a special task in an emergency, such as helping other people to leave the building as quickly as possible. Your workplace may have certain areas with a higher risk of injury than others. You will need to know:  Where these areas are;  What the possible dangers are;  How you can increase your chance of protecting your workmates and yourself; and  How you behave in these areas will also be clearly defined by your company’s safety policy. You will be required to act strictly as the policy describes. HBA Learning Centres Version: 1.00 July 2015 Work Health and Safety Learner Guide Page 100 of 249 Contact: Compliance Manager Uncontrolled Document when Printed To ensure that everyone in your workplace is aware of their responsibilities regarding OHS, there must be opportunity for consultation. There are laws detailing consultation arrangements. Group discussion and decision-making is a vital part of consultative arrangements and good decision-making for WHS/OHS. Think about how this occurs in your workplace and how you are involved in the process C O N S U L T A T I O N Consultation allows for a greater understanding of differing positions and perspectives and provides decision-makers with more accurate and detailed information, which in turn allows them to make more informed and relevant decisions. Consultative arrangements may include:  Employee and supervisor involvement in WHS activities, such as inspections and audits;  Employee and workgroup meetings;  Health and safety and other employee representatives;  WHS/OHS and other consultative and planning committees; and  Procedures for reporting hazards, and raising and addressing WHS issues.