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Loading Up PowerShell

1. Loading Up PowerShell

Before we delve into the basics of using PowerShell, you first need to access the main interface. If you are a Windows 10 user then you will already have access to PowerShell 5. Windows 8-8.1 users have access to PowerShell 4, but if you’re on Windows 7, you’re going to need to install it within a .NET framework. Across all operating systems, PowerShell offers two distinct interfaces.

The more advanced is the Integrated Scripting Environment, which acts as a comprehensive GUI for experienced users. The basic alternative is the PowerShell console, which provides a command line for the user to input their commands. Beginners are advised to stick with the latter until they learn the fundamentals of PowerShell.

In order to start PowerShell on Windows 10, you need to be an Administrator. Log in as an administrator, click Start, and scroll through your apps until you locate Windows PowerShell. Right-click and select Run as Administrator. On Windows 8.1, simply search for PowerShell in your Systemfolder. Similarly, on Windows 7 the default directory for PowerShell is the Accessories folder after you’ve installed the program.

2.  How to Run Cmdlets

how to run cmdlets powershell

In a nutshell, a cmdlet is a single-function command. You input cmdlets into the command line just as you would with a traditional command or utility. Cmdlets are the main way to interact with the CLI. In PowerShell, most cmdlets are written in C# and comprised of instructions designed to perform a function that returns a .NET object.

Over 200 cmdlets can be used in PowerShell. Windows PowerShell command prompt isn’t case-sensitive, so these commands can be typed in either upper or lower case. The main cmdlets are listed below:

  • Get-Location – Get the current directory
  • Set-Location – Get the current directory
  • Move-item – Move a file to a new location
  • Copy-item – Copy a file to a new location
  • Rename – item Rename an existing file
  • New-item – Create a new file