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INTERSTATE SYSTEM RECONSTRUCTION AND REHABILITATION PILOT PROGRAM

What’s the difference between preservation, rehabilitation, and restoration, and reconstruction?

By DESKFOOD | Published: JANUARY 28, 2011

These four approaches to historic buildings are defined in the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties.

Preservation: places a high premium on the retention of all historic fabric through conservation, maintenance, and repair. It respects a building’s continuum over time, and through successive occupancies, and the respectful changes and alterations that are made.

Rehabilitation: emphasizes the retention and repair of historic materials, but more latitude is provided for replacement because it is assumed the property is more deteriorated prior to work.

Restoration: focuses on the retention of materials from the most significant time in a property’s history, while permitting the removal of materials from other periods.

Reconstruction: establishes limited opportunities to re-create a non-surviving site, landscape, building, structure, or object in all new materials.

Source: National Park Service: The Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties, Introduction ” Choosing an Appropriate Treatment for the Historic Building”
http://www2.cr.nps.gov/tps/standguide/overview/choose_treat.html

see also: Introduction: Using the Standards and Guidelines for a Preservation, Rehabilitation, Restoration, or Reconstruction Project.”
http://www2.cr.nps.gov/tps/standguide/overview/using_standguide.html

Another excellent source for information on this topic is the Historic Preservation Services, National Park Service, Technical Preservation Services for Historic Buildings:

Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties
http://www2.cr.nps.gov/tps/secstan4.html
This source provides helpful information for choosing a treatment and the scope of work involved in ea