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inheritance of the pea plant.

Gregor Mendel was an Austrian monk that devoted nearly as much of his life to understanding the nature of heredity as he did in his fraternal duties. From his experiments with peas, he was able to determine several basic principles of how traits were passed from parents to offspring.

Pre-Mendelian Concepts on Inheritance

Blended inheritance hypothesis

Mendel wasn’t the first person to theorize how traits are inherited from generation to generation. Humans have probably done this since the dawn of time. For example, you hear family and friends comment on how a child is a perfect mix of father and mother, or how a baby has her father’s nose and her mother’s lips. During Mendel’s time, the most accepted hypothesis of inheritance of physical characteristics was blended inheritance. The blended inheritance hypothesis suggests that physical traits (or phenotypes)of offspring are an intermediate of the parents. For example if a tall man and a short woman have a child, this hypothesis predicts their child would have a height intermediate relative to her parents. 

The blended inheritance hypothesis suggests that physical traits (or phenotypes) of offspring are an intermediate of the parents. 

Inheritance of acquired characteristics hypothesis