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Influence on youth labour market outcomes.

In terms of educational policy, the key stakeholders are the ministries of education of the federal states and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. Moreover, the Joint Science Conference (“Gemeinsame Wissenschaftskonferenz”) coordinates the support of the promotion of education and science between the federal government and federal states, while the Conference of the Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs (“Kultusministerkonferenz”) coordinates the educational policy between the 16 federal states. The German Council of Science and Humanities (“Wissenschaftsrat”) provides advice to the national government and to the 16 federal states on the structure and development of higher education and research. The Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (“Bundesinstitut für Berufsbildung”) is an important research center focused on the development of vocational education and training and thus offers advice to the national and state governments. In the field of ALMPs, there are several stakeholders in Germany. The key stakeholder is the Federal Ministry for Labor and Social Affairs (“Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales” – BMAS), which is divided into seven departments. The BMAS has executive powers in the field of employment promotion, which are regulated by the Social Act II (SGB II). In addition, the ministry has the legal supervision of the Federal Employment Agency (“Bundesagentur für Arbeit” – BA). The BA is a selfgoverning public body and is responsible for the implementation of the ALMPs on the national, regional and local level. The governments of the federal states can implement supplemental ALMPs in addition to the national ALMPs on a voluntary basis as they receive financial resources from the European Social Fund of the European Union for employment promotion. The Conference of Ministers for Labor and Social Affairs (“Arbeits- und Sozialministerkonferenz”) is an annual meeting of the labor ministers of the federal states to coordinate their labor market policies.