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February 2005, the Scientific Conference on Climate Change on Group of 8

The Group of 8 (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the USA) hold annual economic and political summit meetings of the heads of government with international officials.

The 2005 meeting held in Gleneagles, Scotland under the UK Presidency placed Climate Change and Africa as joint priority agenda items. Throughout the preceding year a series of events were held in preparation for the final summit in July.

In February 2005, the Scientific Conference on Climate Change was held at the Hadley Centre for Climate Research and Prediction in Exeter, where the latest scientific understanding of climate change was discussed. The proceedings of the meeting include a discussion of technology options, which recognises that the potential contribution of nuclear energy is almost without technical limits.

A ministerial roundtable meeting of Energy and Environment Ministers held in March 2005, involved 20 countries, including Brazil, China, India, Mexico and South Africa. The meeting concluded that the countries shared common goals of:

  • creating the conditions for economic development and poverty eradication by improving the accessibility and affordability of modern energy services;
  • providing security of supply with energy systems that are resilient, reliable and diversified; and
  • protecting local and global environmental quality, including addressing greenhouse gas emissions.

The Gleneagles Summit itself was distracted by other events and as a result limited progress was made in discussions on climate change. However, it was agreed that the topics of energy and climate change would continue to be discussed at future G8 meetings.

The meeting in St Petersburg, Russia in 2006 focused on global energy security and climate change. There was agreement that the G8 would take action in the following key areas:

  • Increasing transparency, predictability and stability of global energy markets;
  • Improving the investment climate in the energy sector;
  • Enhancing energy efficiency and energy saving;
  • Diversifying the energy mix;
  • Ensuring physical security of critical energy infrastructure;

ate Change