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experiential psychotherapy in Australia.

This review draws together findings from meta-analytic reviews, well-controlled randomised
clinical trials (RCTs), and key texts or journal articles relevant to the current practice of
experiential psychotherapy in Australia.
Search Strategy
Target keywords were entered in the PsycInfo database to generate a primary search list, which
was expanded through use of Google Scholar and Web of Science. The list of keywords
corresponded with names of each main therapy sub-type from the experiential psychotherapy
tradition (e.g., ‘existential psychotherapy’ OR ‘emotion focused therapy’ OR ‘gestalt approach’).
The full list of keywords and variations are shown in Appendix 1. Search results were limited to
studies and articles published in peer-reviewed journals, written in English, and directly relevant
to therapy. This search focused on publications from the last five years internationally, and the
last 10 years in Australia. Recently published research was then integrated with findings of prior
meta-analytic reviews to build on the current state of knowledge relevant to experiential
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Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria
All identified studies with well-established measures of symptom severity or behaviour change
were included. In addition, this review includes qualitative research directly relevant to therapy
outcomes. Purely theoretical articles, and process research without a clear link to therapy
outcomes, were excluded. Likewise, treatment comparisons without rigorous methodology were
Due to the deeply relational nature of experiential psychotherapy, studies relevant to couple
therapy, group therapy, and family therapy were included alongside individual psychotherapy.
For ease of comparison of findings between studies, studies were rejected if the type of
intervention was self-help, online, or provided by telephone.