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Evolution and Human Behavior

could benefit from the cognitive methodology. Some efforts have been
made, as we have already seen, in order to offer a ‘neurophysiology of the
mystical experience’. There exists now an open field in the research of the
cognitive structure of various aspects of universal religious behaviour, such as
prayer, worship, moral engagement, community life, and an ability to ascertain
the different levels of religious commitment – phenomenon common to different
religious traditions, and an enigma that haunted Max Weber [13].
Finally, theology has a duty in exposing the flaws inherent in the
cognitive approach as well. At times the standard research misses the point
regarding Christian cognition of the mystery of God and salvation. Statements
are often overly obvious or exhibit a tendency to reduce the enormous
complexity of Christian cognition to simplistic mechanisms of attribution of
causality. Furthermore, their schema is very often circular, being unable to
discern between the subjective and the objective dimensions. Despite these
limits, there remains a great field of exploration and a promising area of
development in interdisciplinary work between theology and science.