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 Subjects with a higher score of this pattern tended to be old, males, current smokers, and workers or shift workers in the unadjusted model. Furthermore, these patients tended to go to bed early, wake up early and eat breakfast early. Accordingly, they tended to be morning type, but less frequently had breakfast. With regard to the cardio-metabolic parameters, patients with higher score of type 2 pattern showed significantly higher aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels, ɤ-glutamyl transpeptidase (ɤ-GTP) levels, uric acid and triglycerides. These data reflect patterns of alcoholic liver dysfunction, while there was no significant difference in BMI among the groups. On the other hand, HbA1c levels were significantly lower in these patients in the unadjusted model, but this finding was not observed in the adjusted model. The use of lipid-lowering medications, especially statin but not fibrate (data not shown), was lower in patients with a higher score of type 2 pattern. With regard to BP, these patients had high systolic and diastolic BP despite high use of antihypertensive drugs. Also, baPWV was significantly higher in those patients. According to the adjusted models by age and gender and by age, gender, and BMI, subjects with a higher score for this pattern had higher ɤ-GTP, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol levels, systolic and diastolic BP, and baPWV.the characteristics of the study subjects according to the quintiles of type 3 pattern scores. Subjects with a higher score for this pattern were old, non-smokers, shift workers, and morning type. These patients are likely to have low BMI despite the large amount of food intake. They tended to go to bed early, wake up early, sleep for short duration and have early dinner. Patients with a higher score of type 3 pattern showed significantly lower uric acid, triglyceride and diastolic BP, and higher HDL-cholesterol. However, these subjects only had lower uric acid levels, rather higher AST and ALT, in the adjusted models by age and gender and by age, gender and BMI. They also had higher AST and ALT, and were less likely to use antihypertensive medication, in the adjusted model by age and gender.