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Effect Size Estimation in One-Way Designs. In Beyond significance testing:

While critical theorists have been frequently defined as Marxist intellectuals,[22] their tendency to denounce some Marxist concepts and to combine Marxian analysis with other sociological and philosophical traditions has resulted in accusations of revisionism by classicalorthodox, and analytical Marxists, and by Marxist–Leninist philosophers. Martin Jayhas stated that the first generation of critical theory is best understood as not promoting a specific philosophical agenda or a specific ideology, but as “a gadfly of other systems”.[23]

Critical theory has been criticized for not offering any clear road map to political action following critique, often explicitly repudiating any solutions (such as with Herbert Marcuse’s concept of “the Great Refusal”, which promoted abstaining from engaging in active political change).[24]