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Earth Summit 2002. Stakeholder Forum for a Sustainable Future

Tourism can be domestic or international, and international tourism has both incoming and outgoing implications on a country’s balance of payments.

Tourism suffered as a result of a strong economic slowdown of the late-2000s recession, between the second half of 2008 and the end of 2009, and the outbreak of the H1N1 influenza virus,[4][5] but slowly recovered. International tourism receipts (the travel item in the balance of payments) grew to US$1.03 trillion (€740 billion) in 2011, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 3.8% from 2010.[6] International tourist arrivals surpassed the milestone of 1 billion tourists globally for the first time in 2012,[7]emerging markets such as ChinaRussia, and Brazilhad significantly increased their spending over the previous decade.[8] The ITB Berlin is the world’s leading tourism trade fair.[9] Global tourism accounts for ca. 8% of global greenhouse gas emission