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differential diagnosis of anxiety.

Here and in previous work, the dominance factor has accounted for the least variance in affective judgments, and is the most variable in terms of its semantic label across investigation. Judgments of dominance presumably index the interactive relationship that exists between the perceiver and the perceived, with high dominance associated with the one having maximum control in the situation. Since this rating is inherently relational, dominance judgments will clearly need to specify which member of the interaction is being judged: in this case, the subject or the pictured object. An unpleasant picture that was rated differently in dominance here was a snake, which received a low dominance rating using SAM but a high dominance rating using the semantic differential. In most relationships involving a snake – a typically feared object – and a human being, it is likely that the person will be perceived as relatively lower in control than the snake. This suggests that the semantic differential method, which led to high dominance ratings for the picture of the snake, may produce confusion regarding which element of the interaction is being rated for dominance, leading to rating the snake’s dominance, rather than the subject’s feelings of control. W