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Demand Side Management

National development plans, policies and strategies
The two main documents presenting the national development plans are the Vision 2030 and the
Seventh National Development Plan (7NDP) covering the period 2017 – 2021. The Vision 2030
lays out the goal of becoming a prosperous middle-income country by 2030. The Vision highlights
three possible socio-economic development scenarios: the baseline, the preferred and the
optimistic. In the preferred scenario the objective is to attain and sustain an annual real economic
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growth of 9% between 2016 and 2020, and 10% between 2021 and 2030 (MNDP, 2017).
Regarding energy, the Vision 2030 is to achieve universal access to clean, reliable and affordable
energy at the lowest total economic, financial, social and environmental cost. Specific goals for
the vision include;
· ensuring abundant and reliable supply of affordable energy to both urban and rural areas;
· increased renewable alternative sources of energy;
· Becoming an export led energy industry; and
· reduced share of wood fuel to 40%.
The Seventh National Development Plan (2017–2021) aims to create a diversified and resilient
economy for sustained growth and socio-economic transformation through five strategic areas: (i)
economic diversification and job creation; (ii) reduction of poverty and vulnerability; (iii) reduced
developmental inequalities; (iv) enhanced human development; and (v) creation of conducive
governance environment for a diversified and inclusive economy.