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Context and Rationale for Developing the Guide

For more than two decades, African countries have demonstrated a commitment to work as a collective to enhance governance and public administration effectiveness across the continent. Initially collective efforts involved exchange of ideas and policy dialogues that were for the most part supported by management improvement organizations such as the African Training and Research Centre in Administration and Development (CAFRAD), the Development Policy Management Forum (DPMF) and the African Association for Public Administration and Management (AAPAM). While the policy dialogues (conferences and seminars) provided some learning opportunities and exchange of information and, on occasion, involved undertaking research projects and resultant publications did not translate into sustainable collective efforts to support improvements in governance and public administration on the continent. In recognition of that deficiency, the Second African Conference of Ministers of Public/Civil Service decided that there was need to move beyond the exchange of information and take concrete actions to improve public administration systems of African countries. In that regard, during that conference Ministers agreed on elements of a Charter for the Public Service in Africa which came to be subsequently endorsed formally at the 3rd Pan-African Conference of Ministers of Public Service which took place in Windhoek, Namibia in 2001.