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. ‘‘Conservative Shift among High-Exposure Survivors of the September 11th Terrorist Attacks.’

In this article, we draw on both of these strands in the literature as we link individuals’ experiences of violence and their political opinions in the context of a dividing Sudan. In January 2011, some four million South Sudanese voted in a referendum to determine whether their region should remain part of a unified Sudan or become an independent state. The referendum formed a core part of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) in 2005 to end more than two decades of brutal civil war. As polls predicted, Southerners voted overwhelmingly in favor of secession, and South Sudan gained independence in July 2011.