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civil-rights legislation

Question 29

1.  

Which of the following is NOT a justification for punishment in the United States today?

Answer

rehabilitation of the criminal
preventing crime in the future
reimbursement of the victim
retribution for the crime
incapacitation of the criminal

Question 31

1.  

According to Jack Katz, what do muggers gain from their crimes?

Answer

Nothing, they are caught too fast.
He argues that they are often trying to return to prison, where they feel more secure.
He argues that they mug individuals who they suspect may be carrying illegal drugs instead of money.
He argues that they mug for a sense of satisfaction and excitement.
He argues that they mug for a steady living that allows them to eventually move up in social status.

Question 32

1.  

The Amish have neither the resources nor the desire to use prison as a sanction against members of their community who violate the rules. What sanction do they use instead?

Answer

Various methods of corporal punishment are used, whereby petty criminals may be branded, have their ears cropped, their noses slit, or even their fingers cut off.
Offenders are flogged or put in stocks to be publicly humiliated for a short period of time.
Monetary fines are used for most norm violations.
Meidung, or shunning, a process whereby no one within the community will associate or even talk with a rule breaker for a set period of time, is used.
Banishment is used, whereby violators are forced to leave the community and create a new life somewhere else.