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China Opium Wars against Great Britain

The Chinese government is astute because they do not, as they say, put all their eggs in the same basket. Although China considers its exports a way to leverage the economy, it also has a long-term vision, and it is investing in other areas – such as infrastructure in many African countries. China is the largest contributor of aid to sub-Saharan Africa. In contrast with other aid contributors, China’s aid targets infrastructure. Chinese foreign policy towards Africa underwent significant reforms in the 1990’s. China provides loans to Africa through an economic cooperation mechanism that helps African countries uplift their economies and boosts Chinese financial institutions such as China’s Development Bank, China Export-Import Bank, and China Agricultural Development Bank.

In addition, in 2013 China launched its ambitious strategy “Belt and Road Initiative,” which focuses on development and cooperation with Europe, Asia, and Africa. For some African states, China represents a new wave of emerging powers and the shift of power and resources in the age of globalization. China’s help comes with no strings attached. Notwithstanding, China can count on the African support when negotiating with international organizations such as the United Nations. Whether in the United Nations Security Council or in the United Nations General Assembly, China has successfully relied on Africa’s votes to get what it wants. Furthermore, China’s membership in the G77, gives it a unique position in the organization, because the group is the largest and strongest United Nations’ group that counts 134 members. China has proven it does not need to be a hegemon to grow its influence in world politics. China’s economic and political growth is steady, carefully thought out and constructed over the long term.