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Child Development

The dynamic constructivist theory of culture is different from an essentialist view of culture. It does not see culture as a holistic entity, but rather as a set of loose and developing knowledge networks or domain-specific cognitive structures including theories and beliefs. argues that domain and situations interact with more essentialist aspects of culture. People may hold more than one cultural meaning system, even if such systems may contain conflicting cultural knowledge, e.g. conflicting cultural models of how to use design products . In any given situation, the individual uses the knowledge that is most accessible. Hence the accessibility, availability and applicability of particular cultural models of technology use will determine the experience of using the product. The concepts of accessibility, availability, and applicability are taken from the theory of knowledge activation, which underscores that cultural knowledge must be activated by something in order to be used. argue that acculturation can make specific cultural knowledge systems become available. Furthermore, prolonged exposure to a culture may increase the chronic accessibility of the shared knowledge in that culture (Hong, et al., 2003). The accessibility of each cultural knowledge system may thus vary as a function of situation. Applicability, also sometimes referred to as appropriateness, has to do with the feasibility of acting out or focusing on specific culturerelated behaviours in a given social situation. This again depends on whom you are with, what they know, and what norms for behavior are present.