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Capacity building- and intervention-related guide

In developing your logic model, you should explore and discuss the assumptions you are making. Often, an in-depth discussion is included as a narrative that accompanies your logic model. Inaccurate or overlooked assumptions could be a reason that your program or intervention did not achieve the expected level of success. Contextual Factors describe the environment in which the program exists and external factors that interact with and influence the program or intervention. These factors may influence implementation, participation, and the achievement of outcomes. Contextual factors are the conditions over which we have little or no control that affect success. Logic Models Page 3 Examples include: • Competing or supporting initiatives sponsored by other agencies. • Socioeconomic factors of the target audience. • The motivations and behavior of the target population. • Social norms and conditions that either support or hinder your outcomes in reaching disparate populations, such as the background and personal experiences of participants. • Politics that support or hinder your activities. • Potential barriers or supports that could affect the success of your project. In program or intervention planning and development, we should consider contextual factors that are likely to affect our activities and either address them or collect data on them as part of the process evaluation. Steps for developing a logic model 1. Determine the purpose of the logic model, who will use it and for what? Is your purpose to develop a work plan, to talk with stakeholders about the program or intervention, or to develop an evaluation plan? 2. Convene stakeholders. Who should participate? Program planners and managers, epidemiologists, and groups with a stake in program outcomes. 3. Determine a focus for the logic model. Will the logic model depict a single intervention, a multiyear intervention, or a comprehensive picture of your HDSP program? Determine what level of detail is needed to make this a useful tool. 4. Understand the situation. Use the program objective or goal as your anchor. Set priorities and clarify expectations. 5. Explore the research, knowledge base, and what others have done/are doing. Compile research findings and lessons learned, applicable program theory, and resources. Identify and discuss assumptions you are making and contextual factors. 6. Construct a series of linked activities and outcomes or statements using a “left-toright” or “right-to-left” approach. Then connect the activities with arrows to show linkages.