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‘‘Building Reputation: Why Governments Fight Some Separatists but Not Others.’’

Our research suggests several avenues for future research. We have shown that violence exposure in 2005 continued to affect Northern political attitudes five years later, but it is reasonable to ask if this effect will decay over time and at what rate. More generally, we believe future research should consider partition as a dynamic process. For example, few quantitative TABLE 5 Effect of Riot Exposure on Beliefs about Peace and Security Probit Model Dependent Variable Believe that separation will lead to other regions calling for self-determination Believe that separation will help maintain peace in North Sudan Believe that separation will have positive effect on own physical security (1) (2) (3) Sample All Northerners North-Central only North-Central only Fighting in neighborhood .426 (.169)** -.377 (.216)* .685 (.200)*** Observations 628 302 296 Note: Models include gender, age, employment and self-employment indicators, asset index, relative wealth, logged years of education, logged years of father’s education, and AU and region of origin indicators. *p # .10, **p # .05, ***p # .01. intergroup violence and political attitudes 15 studies examine the impact of partition on ethnic minorities trapped on the ‘‘wrong’’ side of a newly created international border. How will Southerners living in Khartoum adapt to changed, and often less hospitable, political circumstances? Under what conditions do minorities decide to remain in the rump state or migrate to the newly created secessionist state? Do Southerners who stay adopt strategies to signal their loyalty to the post-partition state or to appear more ‘‘Northern’’ in everyday social life? What is the impact of partition on members of other non-Arab minority groups who have lost a major ally as a result of Southern independence? We will continue to explore these questions using the panel design of our survey, and we will probe the political and social consequences of separation in both rump and secessionist states as the process of partition unfolds over time